(mĕd´ĭ-tə-rāʹnē-ən, -rānʹyən) adjective. Mediterranean
Surrounded nearly or completely by dry land. Used of large bodies of water, such as lakes or seas. [Latin mediterrāneus, inland : medius, middle + terra, land.]
Word History: When one hears the word mediterranean, one thinks of a specific place and perhaps of the great cultures that have surrounded it. But the word can also apply to any large body of water that is surrounded completely or almost completely by dry land. This usage goes back to the use in Late Latin of the Latin word mediterrāneus, the source of our word, as part of the name Mediterrāneum mare for the mostly landlocked Mediterranean Sea. But Latin mediterrāneus, which is derived from medius,“the middle of, the heart of,” and terra,“land,” in Classical Latin actually meant “remote from the coast, inland.” In Late Latin, in referring to the sea, mediterrāneus probably meant originally “in the middle of the earth” rather than “surrounded by land,” for to the Mediterranean cultures without knowledge of much of the earth, the Mediterranean Sea was in the center of the world. Our word mediterranean is first recorded in English in 1594 as the name of the sea.
Mediterranean climate, iklim Mediterranean;
Mediterranean Sea (mĕd´ĭ-tə-rĀʹnē-ən sē). Laut Mediterranean.
An inland sea surrounded by Europe, Asia, Asia Minor, the Near East, and Africa. It connects with the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar; with the Black Sea through the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmara, and the Bosporus; and with the Red Sea through the Suez Canal. .